SOCIAL IDENTITY OF LGBT

“Only the wearer knows where the shoe pinches.” Identity is about belonging, about what you have in common with some people and what differentiates you from others. It gives one a sense of personal location, the stable core to one’s complex involvement with others. Sexuality plays an important role in your identity and often refers to a person's sexual orientation or preference. Sexual orientation is who you are attracted to be it in any sense emotionally, psychology, mentally or physically. LGBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In India as well as in other countries of the world, there are men who fall in love with other men, and women who fall in love with other women. These “same-sex-loving” men and women face extensive legal and social discrimination as well as pressure from the society who looks at them as if they are having a disease which needs to be treated. These people since ages have been deprived of the status, faced shame, social stigma, and discriminations. When people see homosexual people, their attitude towards them changes in a negative way. Many teach that homosexuality is an act of sin and perceive them as a threat to the society. Many claims that homosexuality can be overcome through religious worship or doing some black magic. The sexual assault, violence, rapes and suicide in lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual people are in higher rates than straight people. They all-time remain the targets of hate and backlash. The major issues that result in stigmatization of LGBT people is parental reaction. Families put restriction on their way of dressing and interacting and if not followed they throw them out. There are many who encourage homosexuality, in many nation’s homosexuality is illegal. Offenders face death penalty in some Islamic areas such as Iran and parts of Nigeria. These people are often picked by police ostensibly and are tortured in their custody. Transgender activist Kalki Subramaniam has alleged that she was sexually assaulted by two unidentified men when she was returning to her home on June 2, 2013. She alleged that police refused to register a complaint in this regard. Many organizations like Human Rights have expressed support for elimination of restrictions against homosexuality and want equality for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender communities. The idea of human rights rests on the central premise that all humans are equal. It follows that all humans have dignity and all humans should be treated as equal. In the past the LGBT community in India faces the threat of being imprisoned for lifetime as homosexual intercourse is a criminal offence under section 377 of the Indian penal code.377. Unnatural offences. —Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with 1[imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. But in later years on 6 September 2018, the Hon’ble Court ruled unanimously in Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India that Section 377 was unconstitutional "in so far as it criminalizes consensual sexual conduct between adults of the same sex". In 2014, the Supreme Court issued a sweeping judgment in NALSA vs India, which held that transgender people should be legally recognized according to their gender identity, who will have all the fundamental rights as a citizen of India and receive special benefits in education and employment as well. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Pride Month is currently celebrated each year in the month of June. LGBT pride is the promotion of the self-affirmation, dignity, equality, and increased visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as a social group who can come together as a community and voice their opinion in all the matters of society. Films like “Dostana” in 2008, ‘’ Ek Ladki Ko Dekha To Aisa Laga’’ in 2019 and many others have led to debates in media and also show that the Indian society can no longer disagree with their existence. Today concrete laws and policies need to protect them and they need to come out of their shell, voice out what they want, and no person should feel guilty for who they are. Authored by Smriti tejasawee

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