CLIMATE CHANGE: AFFECTS THE FUTURE OF MOST VULNERABLE CHILDREN

Climate is dynamic in nature. It changes with the passing of time. Changes are natural phenomenon. Changes are important in life but these changes must be in positive way. But the changes is in climate which occur is not in a positive manner it harms the health of children as well as adult. Climate change means change in the existing environmental temperature or quality of air, water etc. Changes occur due to various factors. The main factors are natural factor and man made factor (we can say human interference) Natural factors Volcanic Eruptions - It happens when lava and gas are discharged from a volcanic vent. Earthquake- Sudden movement of the earth's crust. Flood - Flood is the type of natural disaster and it occurs when an overflow of water enters the area which is usually dry. Floods are usually caused by heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt or tropical cyclone or tsunami in coastal areas and many more factors. Wild Fire - A wildfire is a fire that starts in a wild area such as in forest. It usually occurs by itself. It spreads rapidly and causing great damages to the forest as well as increase air pollution. Severe Storms Man made factors Deforestation- Deforestation refers to cutting down and removing of all or most of the trees in a forest. Throwing garbage in river and polluting it – By throwing garbage or dust items in the river we pollute it and make the healthy drinking water into unhealthy or unhygienic water. In simple words, we can say it is a water pollution. Air Pollution – Air pollution means introduction of harmful or poisonous substances in the air. Air pollution usually causes because of vehicles and industries. Urbanization – Cutting of mountain or trees for making buildings and infrastructures. Industrialization – Industries are the one of the important reason for air pollution, water pollution and other pollutions. The rise in greenhouse gases or green house effect - Some gases in the Earth's atmosphere act a bit like the glass in a greenhouse, trapping the sun's heat and stopping it from leaking back into space and causing global warming. Greenhouse gases occur naturally, but human activity is increasing the concentrations of some of them in the atmosphere. In simple words, we can say that the earth's temperature is rising with the passing of time. Glaciers are melting. The sea level is rising. Weather has become more extreme, both hot and cold. Extreme weather events, such as severe storms, floods or wildfires, not only directly threaten the lives and safety of children, they put them at risk of mental health problems—and can also cause lasting effects when they destroy their communities and their schools. In today’s world the pandemic of coronavirus harms a lot of people and take many life’s. It affects almost all type of persons - adult, old and children. It mentally or physically harms the children and make them weak. In normal days children go outside of their houses and play games meet other people and do various stunts. Because of this corona virus children stop going outside from their homes, this make them physically or mentally weak. We are the one who is responsible for these changing in the environment. Reason for the interference The main reason for human interference is development or urbanization. I am not denied with the fact that the life of human become very easily with the discovery and invention of equipment and machine. These development makes the human life easy but affect the climate a lot. These climatic changes affect life of living organism on the earth in various ways. Because of these changes, a number of species of plants and animals have gone extinct like Dodo, Great Auk, Stellers Sea Cow, Tasmanian Tiger, Passenger Pigeon, Pyrenean Ibex, Baiji White Dolphin. Past Incident of human affects the life of children. As we know the incident of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, until now the environmental impact has not been cured completely. Now a days also children born with certain defects or disabilities like anencephaly, cleft palate, cleft lip with or without cleft palate, club foot, polydactyly etc. These abnormalities found in approximately 75% of the infant of that place. The disability found in the children of Nagasaki and Hiroshima are because of man-made reasons. The increase in the temperature of earth is the main factor of climate changes. Poor air quality from climate change can cause breathing problems, especially in children with asthma. Climate changes lead to several disease and infections like Lyme disease, diarrhea, and parasites etc. which harm the children more as compare to adult. In present time, we saw how temperature is increasing in Canada which leads to several death including children. Effect on children Children’s are still growing. They are at highest risk of injury, disability and death caused by the impacts of climate change. They are physically, emotionally or mentally weak. Rising temperatures and decreasing air quality affect kids in many ways like laziness, and changes in their genetic makeup. Children’s immune systems and other organs are still developing. They also breathe at a faster rate, increasing their exposure to dangerous air pollutants that can damage their lungs and other organs. Climate change makes heat waves which can be dangerous for the children who play outside from their home. A number of children facing the problem of obesity. If they play outside home for a long period of time then it can lead to a number of children facing the problem of obesity. If they play outside home for a long period of time then it can lead to heat stress. Increase in the level of temperature, decreases the air quality that affects the children and increases the risk of asthma attacks, allergies and other problems. Extreme heat leads to Neurological disorders in the children. If they spent more time outdoor it leads to Psychological stress/imbalance or increased vector-borne diseases. Flooding and water contamination leads to heat-related illness. Health impacts may include gastrointestinal illness like diarrhea, effects on the bodies nervous system and respiratory systems, or liver and kidney damage. Education loss is one of the greatest loss due to the climate change occurs to students. As in today’s scenario, we can see that due the pandemic of corona virus, students are the one who suffers a lot of loss in education. In simple word we can say that climate changes affects or hampers the future of valuable children. one of the most important reasons for this hampering of the future of children are man-made activities. We can say that “In the search of gold we lost our diamond”. In search of the luxurious life or equipment, we wrongly interfere in the nature’s life which leads to dangerous future of human beings. Precautions how can we protect our children from this changes We never want that these kinds of accidents ever occur with our children’s. As a good human beings we all have to do something or try to do things which mainly control the negative changes in the environment happen due to the behavior of humans. As a person we can do following things for the protection of children from the negative result of climate changes. We cannot completely stop the negative impact of climate changes but our precautions must reduce its impact. We can reduce our energy consumption and waste and invest in energy-efficient appliances. We can stop throwing garbage or dust in the river or sea. We don’t use car or motorcycle for short distance. We feed our children with healthy foods, more vegetables and fresh fruits We gave them fresh water. Stop cutting trees. Growing more and more trees in our locality. We can help our children by making plan and prepare one meal each week. We all know that children are the future of country. They play a vital role in development of country or we can say development of the world. For taking the world in the brightest way, firstly we have to make the children healthy and fit. We make them physically, mentally and emotionally fit because children are the future. AUTHOR - Surbhi Rashmi (Lloyd Law College)

CLIMATE CHANGE: AFFECTS THE FUTURE OF MOST VULNERABLE CHILDREN